Retina is a thin membrane lying at the back of the eye. This is a light-sensitive nerve tissue which is responsible for visualization of the images or objects . At the retina, the images are focused and converted into electrical impulses which are taken to the brain by the optical nerves for complete recognition of the object.
Common conditions which affects retina are Diabetes, Hypertension, Age related macular degeneration and myopic degeneration.
Implies the diagnostic and therapeutic measures undertaken for retinal diseases. Common diagnostic procedure (i.e. procedures which helps in determining the cause of disease) are fundus fluorescein Angiography(FFA) and OCT. Common therapeutic procedures are laser of retina and injection (intravitreal) of VEGFs (Avastin / Lucentis) into the eye.